Job Description of Medical Billing and Coding

Job Description for a Medical Billing and Coding

As part of a medical team, medical billing and coding specialists contribute a valued skill in patient care overall. Their work ensures accurate billing and payment for medical examinations and procedures. Medical coders and billers work in various environments, doctor’s offices small to very large hospitals. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports strong demand for this profession.


Role and Job Classification

According to the Handbook of career opportunities, medical billing and coding specialists are in the category of medical records and health information technicians. The role of medical biller and coder is to enter the coding of diagnosis and treatment properly in the patient database. The Medical Bureau relies on the database of insurance companies, which in turn disburse funds according to data presented by the biller and medical coder.

Training and Education

Medical billing and coding professionals usually have an Associate Degree, and many employers favor those who have obtained credentials stored Health Information Technicians (RHIT), the Handbook of career prospects. Many community colleges offer associate degrees in specialized medical billing and coding. In addition, many colleges offer online courses in this field.

Employment Opportunities

Employment prospects look good for the profession. Occupational Outlook Handbook, medical billers and coders held 172,500 jobs in 2008. In 2018, that number is expected to increase to 207,600 jobs, an increase of 20%. This is much faster than the average growth for all occupations, says the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Workplace and hours

Medical coders and billers usually work in offices conditioned, well-lit, and comfortable. They sit in front of the computer to enter data and use various types of software. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, medical records and health information technicians usually work 40 hours a week. Some work evenings or nights traveling as hospitals and other health facilities remain open all hours.

Salary and Advancement

May 2008, medical records and health information technicians earned median annual salary of $ 30,610, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Salary depends on experience and hours worked. Qualified coders and billers are more responsibilities, with most gains. Some technicians advance to become executives, leading to even greater gains.


Medical billing and coding professionals have access to sensitive patient information, including Social Security numbers. They must respect the laws protecting patient confidentiality. The work involves both sitting and typing, which can affect health. Medical billers and coders, training on ethics, patient information and how to avoid problems of deformation and work-related health.